• Raptors are highly specialized bird predators.
  • They have a very sharp sight, a wide wing span and sharp beak and claws.
  • Raptors can be diurnal or nocturnal.


  • Crows are considered one of the most intelligent animals. They're highly social and adaptable to almost every environment.
  • Crows, like humans, use tools and recognize faces
  • Crows can can have significant impact on agricultural crops, especially on fruit trees.
  • They're usually noisy and use a wide range of strident calls. Some species, like the Eurasian jay, often mimic other animals' calls.

Diurnal raptors

Golden Eagle

Scientific Name: Aquila chrysaetos

Quick Facts:

  • Golden eagle is a strictly protected species.
  • Reproductive couples bond for life. Within the Park, there are 5 nesting couples.
  • Ozola valley is a great spot to see a nesting couple of Golden eagles.

Common buzzard

Scientific Name: Buteo buteo

Peregrine falcon

Scientific Name: Falco peregrinus

Common kestrel

Scientific Name: Falco tinnuculus

Quick Facts:

  • The most common diurnal raptor in the Park
  • Falcons developed a typical flight technique, which in Italy is referred to as a "holy spirit flight." While flying, they remain still with small movements of the body by rotating very fast the distal part of the wing. It's common to watch falcons in this position, normally on wide and open fields, while they're spotting preys.

Nocturnal raptors

Tawny owl

Scientific Name: Stryx aluco

Quick Facts:

  • As they are active during the night, nocturnal raptors have particularly developed hearing and sight.
  • Owls can turn their head up to 270 degrees, almost in a full circle, in order to spot prey more easily.
  • With their night activity, their grim calls and shy behavior, owls were traditionally considered as dark creatures, which were believed to bring bad luck.

Eurasian eagle-owl

Scientific Name: Bubo bubo

Long-eared owl

Scientific Name: Asio otus

Barn owl

Scientific Name: Tyto alba



Common raven

Scientific Name: Corvus corax

Hooded crow

Scientific Name: Corvus cornix

Eurasian jay

Scientific Name: Garrulus glandarius

Eurasian magpie

Scientific Name: Pica pica



European bee-eater

Scientific Name: Merops apiaster

Quick Facts:

  • This little and bright-colored bird is one of the few bee and hornet predators in the Apennine ecosystem
  • Couples nest in long sand tunnels, preferably close to rivers. Among the Park territory, they can be seen around Secchia river in the Gypsum area.

Great spotted woodpecker

Scientific Name: Dendrocopos major

Lesser spotted woodpecker

Scientific Name: Dendrocopos minor

Quick Facts:

  • Woodpeckers are specialized in feeding on insects and larvae by hammering and digging in tree trunks with their long and strong beak. The typical noise produced by this activity can be heard from long distances.

Common wood pigeon

Scientific Name: Columba palumbus

Quick Facts:

  • Very similar to a common pigeon but different species and much less common.
  • A way to distinguish the wood pigeon from the common pigeon is theres typically a white half moon shaped spot on the wings.

Eurasian collared dove

Scientific Name: Streptopelia decaocto

Quick Facts:

  • This dove is not native to Europe. It was imported from Asia in the 20th century.

Common pheasant

Scientific Name: Phasianus colchicus

Red-legged partridge

Scientific Name: Alectoris rufa

Quick Facts:

  • Pheasant and partridge are galliforms, which means they are similar to the domestic chicken. They're not suited for long flight: they rather walk and run, and if threatened they escape with short-distance flights (which produce a noise commonly referred to as "whirring").
  • The common pheasant can be seen in a variety of colors due to mutations caused by captive breeding and hybridization. A color mutation which can be easily seen even in the wild specimens is the black one, referred to as Tenebrosus pheasant.


Grey heron

Scientific Name: Ardea cinerea

Quick Facts:

  • This large heron is commonly seen in rivers or ponds.
  • It hunts preys with a very fast and sharp strike of the head.
  • It has a slow flight, with its long neck retracted and S-shaped.


Scientific Name: Anas platyrhynchos

Quick Facts:

  • The most common duck in the Park territory.
  • Different genders are easy to distinguish: males are brightly colored, with a typical iridescent green head, while females have a plain plumage, which is more easily camouflaged with the environment.

European green woodpecker

Scientific Name: Picus viridis


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The Park is a mosaic of villages

The Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park is made of a variety of distinct and different pieces that come together to create one unforgettable vacation.
While the diversity of the villages, attractions, forests, and mountains may surprise you, their close proximity allows visitors to see a little bit of everything in a short amount of time.
The more you see, the more you can appreciate the entire region. Explore the mosaic of places, people and experiences which make up the Park!